Learning Difficulties

Learning Difficulties

CAPD (Central Auditory Processing Disorder)

Auditory processing is a term used to describe what happens when your brain recognizes and interprets the sounds around you. For example, we know we are hearing birds chirping because the brain processes and interprets the sounds of the chirping birds. A child with auditory processing difficulty does not recognize subtle differences between sounds although the sounds may be loud and clear. This problem becomes worse if the child is placed in a noisy environment of if he/she is listening to complex information.

Children with auditory processing difficulty typically have normal hearing and intelligence. However, they have also been observed to


Dyslexia is a learning difficulty that manifests itself primarily in written form of language. Children with dyslexia typically experience difficulty in reading, spelling and writing. It is a result of some neurological difference but not due to intellectual disability or lack of desire to learn.

Children with dyslexia may have difficulty with spelling, reading single words, letter and word reversals (e.g., ‘b’ and ‘d’, ‘tip’ and ‘pit’), and learning the words of nursery rhymes. They may also have problem with directions, remembering sequences and timetables, difficulty understanding details of a story, as well as problem with expressing ideas clearly.


Children with Developmental Verbal Dyspraxia (DVD) or Childhood Apraxia of Speech have intact and functioning muscles. They have the ability to produce the correct speech sounds.

However, the muscles cannot produce these sounds at will. They may struggle to produce certain sounds and their speech become unintelligible as the result.

Children with this problem may or may not have difficulties performing oral-motor tasks that are not related to speech since the manifestation of symptoms vary from child to child. For example, they may or may not have problem with sucking, blowing bubble, or moving their tongue tips.